Rajasthan State Factsheet on Child Marriage and Teenage Pregnancy Based on NFHS 4 (2015-16)

Renu Singh
Early marriage and FGM

In India, statistically the incidence of child marriage has been declining slowly over time, but the number of girls and boys getting married before their respective legal age (18 years for girls and 21 years for boys) remains large with 12.1 million child marriages reported by Census of India, 2011. The causes of child marriage are complex and varied, based on various customs and traditions across contexts, and remain rooted in existing socio-cultural norms. Besides this, economic and regional factors play a significant role in determining the prevalence of child marriage. While Census, 2011, allows us to investigate the incidence of child marriage, the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16 data highlights the prevalence rate of child marriage. Though it is acknowledged that child marriage persists amongst both boys and girls, this factsheet draws uponNFHS-4 data (2015-16) to analyse the prevalence of child marriage and teenage pregnancy only amongst girls in the age group of 15-19 years in the State of Rajasthan. This factsheet also examines some factors related to child marriage and teenage pregnancy at the State and district level.