On Wednesday 27th June, more than 100 researchers, policymakers and practitioners joined the Young Lives team at the 'Young Lives, child poverty and lessons for the SDGs' conference held at the British Academy in London to mark the first 15 years of the study, to share and debate findings so far, and to help outline what governments and donors can do to address the disadvantages children face.
The Young Lives animation: Tracing the consequences of child poverty
We are delighted to share the Young Lives animation 'Tracing the consequences of child poverty'. The animation offers an overview of our longitudinal study of child poverty across four countries, over 15 years, with 12,000 children.
It captures some of the key study findings and implications for policy and programming to explore how best to secure and sustain healthy development for children growing up in poverty around the world. Please find the animation below and on our YouTube channel, and engage in the virtual conversation on Twitter @yloxford with #YLPoverty and #tracingtheconsequences
Young Lives, child poverty and lessons for the SDGs
This one-day conference is designed to create a vibrant and informative discussion among leaders from government, donor bodies and civil society who can share progress and advance collaboration on addressing challenges of child poverty, education, health and nutrition, especially across low- and middle-income countries.
The event combines keynote talks and panel discussions with a ‘World Café’ style interactive session that provides an exciting opportunity to share research and stimulate conversation with all participants. An outline of the day follows (and programme available here):
Jo Boyden, Director, Young Lives
9:35-9:45 Opening remarks
Louise Richardson, Vice-Chancellor, Uni of Oxford
Stefan Dercon, Professor of Economic Policy, Blavatnik School of Government
9:55-10:55 Panel: Child Development
Chair: Martin Woodhead, Associate Research Director, Young Lives
- Rob Hughes, Senior Fellow, Early Child Development, Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF)
- Andrew Dawes, Professor Emeritus, Cape Town University
- Renu Singh, Country Director, Young Lives (India)
11:20-12:20 Panel: Child Protection
Chair: Santiago Cueto, Country Director, Young Lives (Peru)
- Tanya Barron, CEO, Plan International
- Alula Pankhurst, Country Director, Young Lives (Ethiopia)
- Cornelius Williams, Associate Director & Global Chief of Child Protection, UNICEF
12:20-12:30 Round-up remarks, and introduction to interactive discussions
13:20-15:05 World Café
15:30-15:40 Reflections from the World Café
Gordon Alexander, Young Lives International Advisory Board
AK Shiva Kumar, Co-Chair, Know Violence in Childhood
16:00-16:10 Special Address
Harriett Baldwin, Minister of State, Department for International Development
16:10-17:20 Panel: Child Poverty
Chair: Helen Pearson, Chief Magazine Editor, Nature
- Jo Boyden, Director, Young Lives
- Rachel Glennerster, Chief Economist, Department for International Development (DFID)
- Richard Morgan, Director, Child Poverty Global Theme, Save the Children
17:20-17:30 Closing Remarks
Donald Bundy, Professor of Epidemiology and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
17:30-18:30 Drinks reception
1: Child Development – How can we provide food for life and effective education for all?
This discussion will draw together research and insight on nutrition, health and education – the three founding factors of children’s growth and cognitive development. Panellists will discuss such questions as:
- How do we address the problems of under-nutrition and over-nutrition within the same contexts?
- What is the association between child nutrition and growth on the one hand, and school performance and outcomes on the other?
- How do schools contribute to children’s development and wellbeing, and how effective are they at supporting the most disadvantaged?
2: Child Protection – How do we best support young people in situations of adversity?
Combining the themes of work, violence and marriage, this discussion tackles the complex challenges involved in promoting the rights and well-being of all children to ensure no child is left behind. Questions for the panellists (including Tanya Barron, CEO of Plan International UK) will include:
- How can we better understand the lived experiences of young people that motivate their daily decision-making as individuals, family members, siblings and in relation to their wider environment?
- Are we making the right investments in policies and programmes to address gender disparities improve employment opportunities, promote healthy lives, and/or prevent exploitation and violence?
- What does the evidence say about these issues?
3: Child Poverty – Tracing the consequences and changing the outcomes
The final panel discussion of the day will provide the big picture of research, policy, advocacy and action on childhood poverty. During the first two decades of the 21st century, children’s circumstances have improved across the countries where Young Lives research has taken place, but the poorest, rural children and children in minority groups are much more likely to experience the worst outcomes. In some contexts, social and economic disparities are becoming increasingly entrenched. Helen Pearson, Chief Editor of Nature and author will chair this session, based around the central question for panellists:
- How can the research, policy and advocacy worlds come together to help break cycles of poverty and inequality and improve lives across generations?
The World Café session format provides a dynamic and interactive experience that is designed to encourage all participants to engage in collaborative dialogue and contribute constructive possibilities for action on addressing childhood poverty.
We will hold several simultaneous discussion groups, which participants can rotate around during the course of this two-hour session. At least two experts will help prompt discussions in each group (or “meeting station”) by presenting their research and insights on the topic, and inviting feedback and comment from other participants. Group leaders will then share some of the key insights from discussions when we reconvene everyone together in the afternoon.
Sessions are based on the following topics:
- Gender and adolescence
- Labour market transitions
- Role of social protection in child development
- Child protection (children's experiences of violence and of work)
The event will close with a drinks reception where attendees will be able to engage with interactive data visualisations, explore a themed photo exhibition, and take the opportunity to network and celebrate the work of Young Lives to date.
Beyond Monetary Poverty Analysis: The Dynamics of Multidimensional Child Poverty in Developing Countries old
This article investigates transitions in monetary and multidimensional poverty using the 2006 and 2009 Young Lives surveys in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. While the headcount ratio in both measures of poverty decreases over time, author Hoolda Kim finds that there is only a small overlap between the groups in monetary and multidimensional poverty in either or both waves. Kim also notes that children remaining in monetary poverty are more likely to stay in multidimensional poverty. However, children escaping from monetary poverty do not always exit from multidimensional poverty. The results suggest the need to go beyond traditional monetary poverty indicators to understand and monitor poverty dynamics among children.
Access the article here.
Poverty and Intergenerational Change: Preliminary Findings from the Round 5 Survey in India
Round 5 Longitudinal Poverty and Intergenerational Change Fact Sheet
This fact sheet presents findings from the fifth round of the Young Lives survey of children in United Andhra Pradesh in 2016. Young Lives is a longitudinal study on childhood poverty that has followed two cohorts of children born seven years apart. It has been collecting household and child-level survey data from 3,000 households in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana since 2002. This fact sheet presents preliminary findings on changes that have taken place in household poverty in urban and rural locations as well as in different caste groups. The analysis shows a definite increase in wealth – as measured by a composite index of consumer durables, access to services, and housing conditions – of the Younger Cohort households in 2016 compared to 2002 (Round 1 survey), with the highest percentage change in wealth over that period among Scheduled Tribes, households where mothers had no formal education, and households in rural locations. However, inequalities remain.
- Overall there is an increase in average wealth over time with the highest percentage change between Rounds 1 and 5 for Scheduled Tribes households.
- While differences in household wealth based on location and caste have reduced over time, substantial inequalities persist between Other Castes on the one hand and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes on the other.
- The highest percentage change in access to services is seen among Scheduled Tribes, in rural households, and in households where mothers had no formal education.
- The largest change is seen in the average access to consumer durables, particularly among Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes, households from rural areas, and where mothers had no formal education.
- By 2016, access to safe drinking water and electricity is near universal across all locations.
- Only half of households have access to sanitation. Although there have been improvements since 2002, access to sanitation facilities remains at 30% among Scheduled Tribes compared to 55% for the other three caste groups, and 31% in rural areas compared to 95% in urban areas.
- More households report vulnerability to economic shocks in 2016 than in 2006.